Typically the caregivers are Filipino females "lured" to Canada with bogus jobs by an agency that saddles them with brokerage fees and sometimes forces them to work illegally while dispossessing them of their passports. From the first link we read:
Documents obtained by the Star show Canada Border Services Agency officials believe there is "ongoing fraud and misrepresentation" within the program, but the immigration and human resources departments are not taking action.
The Star presented its investigative findings to Immigration Minister Jason Kenney who said his department is aware there is abuse in the program.
"We have this whole industry, most of which is unlicensed and unregulated, and large numbers of unscrupulous operations in Canada and throughout the world who exploit people's dreams and hopes to come to Canada," he said.
I can understand these caregivers crying foul but the exploitation of the system works both ways.
The promised payoff for the nannies is a chance at landed immigrant status after two years of work. The number of foreign nannies given permits to work in Canada has tripled in the last five years (from 3,458 in 2002 to 11,878 in 2007, the most recent information available). Most are from the Philippines.
Granting landed immigrant status after two years of work is the carrot luring these caregivers to Canada and it is what make the system so easily exploitable by employment agencies. But it is also nannies who wish to exploit the system as well. How many of these foreign trained caregivers will still be working as nannies once they get landed immigrant status and eventual citizenship?
Work as a nanny is by its nature a temporary job. So is seasonal farm work. Both are characterized by a labour force made up of mostly foreign workers yet one group of workers can obtain citizenship yet the other cannot. If temporary migrant workers are not allowed to obtain citizenship then why should nannies?
Nanny work is being used to queue jump into Canada. This is why they are so easily exploitable. This becomes a problem when they start leaving their occupations as nannies to compete with other Canadians for jobs that they were not brought into Canada to fill. This leaves a perpetual shortfall of caregivers in the labour market creating an open hole in the immigration system. What makes the hole even bigger is when these nannies start to import family into Canada via the family reunification stream and I should add that one doesn't need any pertinent job or language skills to enter Canada in this category. So, in essence nannies are just a means to flood the Canadian labour market with largely unskilled superfluous labour.
The solution to the problem is for Canadians to take care of their own children but who am I kidding? A more feasible solution is to classify foreign trained caregivers for what they really are: foreign trained temp workers. This way they cannot use nanny work as a pathway to citizenship therefore removing the mechanism that allows employment agencies to exploit foreign trained caregivers and for individuals to queue jump the immigration system into Canada.
Here is a related story highlighting how nanny work is being used to exploit the immigration system.
Also in a related story I bring this to your attention. It's about Canadian born self-appointed Punjabi ambassador to Canada (who moonlights as a Liberal MP for Brampton-Springdale and as a wannabe Bollywood queen I am told) Dr. Ruby Dhalla and her and her family's alleged mistreatment of their imported Filipino caregivers (hey, everyone has a Filipino caregiver so I guess she had to have one too).
The allegations are familiar to those claiming exploitation. They allege the job she offered them was bogus. Initially employed to care for her frail mother they found themselves mostly employed cleaning the family house in Mississauga and family owned chiropractic offices for long hours. They also allege the Dhalla family imported them without federal approval. Also, they allege they were withheld pay for some time and their passports were taken away. In other words the usual exploitation story.